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Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Flathead Catfish
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

Lakes with Suckermouth Catfish on FishExplorer
Suckermouth Catfish
Suckermouth catfish are a large family of fish occurring naturally in tropical America, including South and Central America from Uruguay north to Panama. Introduced to Florida in the 1950’s these species are established in Southern Florida, Texas, Hawaii, and Nevada. Isolated specimens have been found in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Louisiana and Pennsylvania.  These armored fish prefer pond, lakes, and slow moving streams and lakes.  They tend to be most abundant near shore and in shallower waters.  Most species tolerate brackish waters over a wide range of temperatures over 50 degrees. Adults stay hidden much of the time, attaching to the underside of logs or large rocks.
Suckermouth catfish tend to bet brownish in color with many darker spots. All have large sucker mouths.  They are covered with rows of bony plates over all their body, except the belly area. The pectoral fins stout with rough surfaces resembling course sandpaper and sport spines.  The adipose fin is also spiny.  Depending on species they can grow to more than 20 inches and weights of 3.0 pounds.
These catfish are sexually mature around 12 inches, with males generally larger than females.  Spawning occurs from late spring to early fall. They generally construct horizontal nesting burrows in banks were approximately 2,000 eggs are laid and forms an adhesive mass.  The burrow is guarded until eggs hatch in three to five days.
Algae and detritus are their primary forage. They use their suck-like mouth to scrape algae from surfaces.  Other food items include small freshwater bivalves, water fleas, worms, and insect larvae.

Most Recent Suckermouth Catfish Forum Posts
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