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Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Flathead Catfish
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

Bigmouth Buffalo
The bigmouth buffalo is a large species of the sucker family.  It is a dullish brown-olive color with dusky fins. It sports a long dorsal fin and a large oblique and terminal mouth. No barbells on mouth or spines on fins. Buffalo are a large fish that can reach 4 ft and 65 lb. They are primarily plankton feeders, eating mostly algae, zooplankton, crustaceans and other larvae.
Buffalo migrate upstream to spawn usually from April to June.  Eggs are broadcast over plants to where they adhere. More than one male will assist in spawning by moving the female to the top of the water to help mix eggs and milt.  
These fish are rarely caught by rod and reel, but successful anglers have used small hooks hidden in dough balls fished along the bottom. The meat is firm, white, flaky and good tasting, although somewhat bony.  They are especially fine eating when smoked.


Bigmouth Buffalo in Texas

Ictiobus is Greek for "bull fish" and cyprinellus is Latin meaning "small carp." Bigmouth buffalo are similar in color and shape to smallmouth buffalo, except that the mouth is not oriented downward in typical sucker fashion, but rather straight ahead.

Life History
As with smallmouth buffalo, bigmouth buffalo appear to spawn in very shallow water during the spring when water temperatures reach 60°F to 65°F. Eggs hatch in 9-10 days. Typically, the species may occur in schools. Young fish seem to prefer eating bottom-dwelling invertebrates, while older individuals prefer crustaceans dwelling in the midwater.

In Texas the range is limited to the Red River below Lake Texoma and to the Sulphur River in the northeast.

As with smallmouth buffalo, some anglers consider bigmouth buffalo to be a rough fish. However, the species is highly prized in many areas. Many people consider it quite a food fish despite its many bones. Some even relish the species' bony nature. Bigmouth buffalo in excess of 58 pounds have been landed by rod-and-reel anglers, whereas the trotline record in Texas is 75 pounds. Angling techniques are similar to those used for smallmouth buffalo.

Courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife
Most Recent Bigmouth Buffalo Forum Posts
Brazos Buffalo 04.19.16 by Lloyd Tackitt
Bigmouth Buffalo Articles, Blogs, & Podcasts
Blog: Boomerang Tool Co. Grip 11.07.12 by Joshua Christensen
Blog: 4 Apps Every Angler With A Smartphone Should Use 02.09.12 by Joshua Christensen
Blog: Clouser Pattern Detailed - New Article 12.16.11 by Matt Snider
Blog: Become a pro 09.30.11 by Joshua Christensen
Blog: Aurora Fall Tournament is on! Win $3,000 09.28.11 by Tim Emery
Blog: Launches California 09.27.11 by Matt Snider
Blog: California now on 09.23.11 by Matt Snider
Blog: California 09.23.11 by Matt Snider
Recent Texas Bigmouth Buffalo Photos by Fish Explorer Members
by Lloyd Tackitt - My son caught this buffalo on a 4wt fly rod, a woolybooger with pinched barf, 8lb test line.