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Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Flathead Catfish
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

Lakes with Green Sunfish on FishExplorer
Rivers with Green Sunfish on FishExplorer
Green Sunfish
The green sunfish has a large mouth and a heavy, squarish thick body shape. Their gill cover is dark bluish-black typically with a yellowish-orange margin.  Body coloration is dark green to bluish-green with a yellowish underside.  Fins frequently yellow edged.
Greenies are a versatile species, tolerating a wide range of environmental conditions.  They nest in shallow water in tightly packed colonies. Gravel bottom sites are preferred. When water temperatures rise above 70°F spawning begins, and may occur throughout the summer. Green sunfish frequently hybridize with other sunfish, such as bluegills. After the eggs are deposited, male defend the nest for approximately a week. 
A prolific species, these sunfish frequently overpopulate in small lakes and ponds, resulting in stunted fish. As a result green sunfish rarely reach a desirable size for angling, with a typical fish being 3-6 inches.  The world record is 2 pounds 2 ounces.
Green sunfish are highly predaceous taking just about anything small enough to fit in their mouths.  Insects, small fish, small crayfish, and frogs are all on the menu.  This makes them one of the easiest fish to catch and an excellent fish to teach kids the basics of fishing.

Green Sunfish in Texas

The green sunfish, like warmouth, has a large mouth and a heavy, black bass body shape. The body is dark green, almost blue, dorsally, fading to lighter green on the sides, and yellow to white ventrally. Faint vertical bars are apparent on the sides. Some scales have turquoise spots. Lepomis, the generic name, is Greek and means "scaled gill cover." The species epithet cyanellus is also Greek and means "blue.
Life History
The green sunfish is a very versatile species, able to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions, and tends to do very well when competition with other sunfish is minimal. Its ability to tolerate environmental extremes makes it ideal for survival in prairie streams where conditions are not stable, and it is often the first sunfish species to repopulate depleted areas. Green sunfish nest in shallow water colonies where nests are often closely packed. Gravel or rocky bottom sites are usually preferred for nest building. Spawning occurs in late spring, when water temperatures rise above 70°F, and may continue throughout the summer. Hybridization with other sunfish species is very common. Males aggressively defend their nests for 6-7 days after eggs are deposited, at which time fry are usually free-swimming. Because of their enormous reproductive potential, green sunfish often overpopulate small lakes and ponds. Adults feed on insects and small fish.


Due to their propensity to overpopulate and so become stunted, green sunfish rarely reach a desirable size for angling. The largest reported specimen caught in Texas to date was 1.3 pounds. In private ponds, specimens over 2 pounds have been recorded.

Most Recent Green Sunfish Forum Posts
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Green Sunfish Articles, Blogs, & Podcasts
Blog: Hot Carp Action 09.14.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Fishing North Sterling 08.31.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Fresh Water Drum 07.27.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Kids fishing 06.25.15 by Rob Stout
Blog: Alexandria's First Fish 06.15.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Fifteen, But Who’s Counting? – Oh, I Am! 10.17.14 by David Coulson
Blog: Boomerang Tool Co. Grip 11.07.12 by Joshua Christensen
Blog: Out of Season Gifts 10.14.12 by David Coulson
Blog: 4 Apps Every Angler With A Smartphone Should Use 02.09.12 by Joshua Christensen
Recent Texas Green Sunfish Photos by Fish Explorer Members
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