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Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Bluegill
Bowfin
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Flathead Catfish
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Goldeye
Goldfish
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Ladyfish
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Paddlefish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

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FishExplorer Lakes with Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Only lakes in the Fish Explorer database are included in this listing. Lakes we feature on this website are hyperlinked.
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
The Atlantic sharpnose shark is found from New Brunswick, Canada south along the Atlantic seaboard and throughout the Gulf of Mexico. This small shark is a year round resident in the coastal waters of South Carolina, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.  It frequently is found in the surf zone, estuaries, and bays, where it prefers mud and sand bottoms during the summer. During the winter, individuals move to deeper waters.

Sharpnose sharks are smallish sharks, typically in the two to four foot range. The have the distinctive feature of two dorsal fins; one located above the pectoral rear tips, the second smaller fin is located above the anal fin. The fins may be black-edged, especially in younger fish. Their snouts are long with furrows in lips around the mouth corners. Their slender bodies are brownish to olive-gray or blue-gray on the top shading to a white underside.  The teeth are triangular shaped with smooth edges and similar on both the upper and lower jaws.
 
Atlantic sharpnose sharks are viviparous, providing nutrition to the pups through a placental sac. They return inshore in the spring from wintering in deeper waters to give birth after a 10-11 month gestation period. Litters run from 1 to 7 pup. They then mate during late spring and early summer. The pups grow fast, reaching maturity after 3 to 4 years. It has been reported these sharks may live up to 12 years in the wild.
 
The diet of the Atlantic sharpnose consists of fish, worms, shrimp, crabs, and mollusks. Fish commonly eaten include menhaden, eels, silversides, wrasses, jacks, toadfish, and filefish.


 

Atlantic Sharpnose Shark in Texas

From TWPD
Distinguishing Characteristics
 
Body elongate; snout moderately long and pointed; color brown to gray above, pale below, a few scattered white spots on sides; the origin of the 2nd dorsal fin is posterior to the origin on the anal fin; no interdorsal ridge; 2nd dorsal fin and caudal fin with dark edges; labial folds (in the corners of the mouth) well-developed, long; upper teeth angular, notch on outer edge, inner edge finely serrated.

Similar Species

This is the only shark with its dorsal fin origin behind to anal fin origin, except for the smalltail shark which has short labial furrows and strongly serrated teeth.

Habitat

Gulf, enters bay occasionally to feed
 
Maximum Size 110 cm (3 1/2 ft), common to 70 cm (27 1/2 in)
 
State size/bag limits
 
Minimum size 24 in.; bag limit is 1 shark/day, including sharpnose, blacktips, bonnetheads, and all other allowable shark species.
Most Recent Atlantic Sharpnose Shark Forum Posts
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Atlantic Sharpnose Shark Articles, Blogs, & Podcasts
Blog: The lady didn't fight like a lady 12.21.13 by David Coulson
Recent Texas Atlantic Sharpnose Shark Photos by Fish Explorer Members
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