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Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Bluegill
Bowfin
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Creek Chubsucker
Flathead Catfish
Flathead Chub
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Goldeye
Goldfish
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Ladyfish
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Paddlefish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

View another fish:
FishExplorer Lakes with Bluegill
Alan Henry Reservoir
Lake Amistad
Aquilla Lake
Lake Arlington
Lake Arrowhead
Lake Austin
Bardwell Lake
Lake Bastrop
Belton Lake
Benbrook Lake
Lake Brownwood
Lake Buchanan
Caddo Lake
Calaveras Lake
Canyon Lake
Lake Casa Blanca
Cedar Creek Reservoir
Choke Canyon Reservoir
Lake Coleman
Coleto Creek Reservoir
Lake Conroe
Lake Corpus Christi
Eagle Mountain Lake
Fairfield Lake
Fayette Co. Lake
Lake Fork Reservoir
Fort Phantom Hill Lake
Lake Georgetown
Gibbons Creek Reservoir
Lake Granbury
Grapevine Lake
Greenbelt Reservoir
Lake Houston
J.B. Thomas Reservoir
Lake Jacksonville
Joe Pool Lake
Lady Bird Lake (Town)
Lake Lavon
Lake Lewisville
Lake Limestone
Lake Livingston
Lake Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ)
Mackenzie Reservoir
McClellan Reservoir
Medina Lake
Lake Meredith
Millers Creek Reservoir
Lake Mineral Wells
Lake Nasworthy
Lake O' the Pines
O.H. Ivie
Lake Palestine
Palo Duro Reservoir
Palo Pinto Reservoir
Pat Mayse Lake
Possum Kingdom Lake
Proctor Lake
Lake Ray Hubbard
Lake Ray Roberts
Richland Chambers Reservoir
Sam Rayburn Lake
Somerville Lake
Stillhouse Hollow
Lake Striker
Lake Tawakoni
Lake Texoma
Toledo Bend Reservoir
Lake Travis
Lake Waco
Walter E. Long Lake (Decker)
White Rock Lake
Lake Whitney
Wichita Reservoir
Wright Patman Lake
FishExplorer Rivers with Bluegill
Only lakes in the Fish Explorer database are included in this listing. Lakes we feature on this website are hyperlinked.
Bluegill

These hand size/shaped sunfish typify the family.  Mention sunfish and there’s little doubt that bluegill with come to mind.  Their bluish-black earflap is a distinguishing feature.  Equipped with a relatively small mouth, they are nonetheless voracious feeders taking surprisingly large lures. The spiny dorsal fin usually has ten spines and the anal fin three. Bluegills are usually dark olive green along the back, with a variety of colors along the sides, lavender, brown, copper, or orange.  Older specimens often have a reddish-orange or yellow belly.
 
Spawning begins when water temperatures near the70’s. Typically starting in May or June and they may spawn all summer.  As a result bluegills often overpopulate. They prefer to nests in shallow water on a gravel base. Males, like most sunfish, guard the nest. 

Ahh the joys of childhood and catching bluegills on a bobber and worm...at least that's how it was for us. But this hard-fighting panfish has a dedicated following, more so than just child's play. So chances are there's a body of water very close to you that is stocked (and stacked) with bluegill. The world record angling record tips the scales at 4 pounds 12 ounces, and adults can grow over 12" long. Get one of these hooked onto your lightweight fly or spin rod and it'll definitely take you for a spin! And while you're at it, take a kid out who could use a little fishing time!


 

Bluegill in Texas

Description
Lepomis, the generic name, is Greek and means "scaled gill cover". The species epithet macrochirus is also Greek and means "large hand" which may refer to the body shape or its size. Bluegills may be distinguished from other sunfish by the dark spot at the base of the dorsal fin, vertical bars on their sides, and a relatively small mouth. The spiny dorsal fin usually has 10 spines (but may have as many as 11 or as few as 9), and is broadly connected to the soft dorsal. The anal fin has three spines. The back and upper sides are usually dark olive green blending to lavender, brown, copper, or orange on the sides, and reddish-orange or yellow on the belly. Colors are more intense in breeding males, and vertical bars may take on a reddish hue.

Life History
Bluegills begin spawning when water temperatures reach about 70°F. Spawning may peak in May or June, but continues until water temperatures cool in the fall. Because of their long spawning season, bluegills have very high reproductive potential, which often results in overpopulation in the face of low predation or low fishing pressure. Nests are created in shallow water, one to two feet in depth. Gravel substrate is preferred. Fifty or more nests may be crowded into a small area, thus creating a spawning bed. Males guard the nest until the eggs hatch and fry leave. Young fish feed on plankton, but as they grow the diet shifts to aquatic insects and their larvae. Up to 50% of their diet may consist of midge larvae.

Distribution
Bluegills are found throughout Texas. Three subspecies are present: Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus which is native to the northeastern half of the state, Lepomis macrochirus speciosus which is native to the central, southern, and western portions of the state, and Lepomis macrochirus purpurescens, a native of Atlantic coast states which has been introduced widely as a sport and forage fish.

Other
Although less than one percent of licensed Texas anglers say they "prefer" to catch sunfish, bluegill and other sunfish are nevertheless a vital part of many freshwater fisheries nationwide, including Texas. Many pre-license age anglers begin their fishing careers by bank fishing for bluegills and other sunfish. Bluegills provide plenty of fight, pound for pound. In Texas, bluegills approaching two pounds have been landed in public waters, and fish over three pounds are known from private tanks.

Courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife

Most Recent Bluegill Forum Posts
Bluegill Articles, Blogs, & Podcasts
Blog: Fishing, er Lunch Break 03.28.14 by David Coulson
Blog: Water Hazards Can Offer Good Fishing 03.10.14 by David Coulson
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Blog: An Eye Opening Morning at Boyd 10.18.12 by David Coulson
Blog: DIY No Drill Removable Kayak Fish FInder 09.29.12 by Joshua Christensen
Blog: Gotta Love Surprises When Fishing 09.06.12 by David Coulson
Blog: Lucky seven 08.30.12 by David Coulson
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Texas Bluegill Photos by Fish Explorer Members
by beartex - by gar fisherman - big blue gill i caught of hotdog