Walleye fishing can be a challenge to figure out just like most other fish species are. The best part about fishing is that each fish has tendencies and we as anglers can count on them to begin chasing them even in new waters. Walleye fishing is best done using a shorter rod, one that is 6' to 6'6". A rod that holds a fast action and light power is best for sensitivity and landing fish. Your ideal set up that will serve you in almost any water is this rod combined with a spinning rod that holds up to 12 pound test of monofilament, a lead jig head up to 1/4 oz, likely 5/16 will be enough in water up to 20 feet. Place a small lure on the jig head like the PowerBait gulp shad in pearl white and you pretty much have dinner.
Walleye love to hang out around rocks small or large where food passes through regularly. My favorite set up is a custom built MHX S782 that is 6-6 with a fast action and light power using a Shimano Solstace, ( or like reel ) 10 pound test monofilament with a 5/16 jig head and thatpreviously mentioned PowerBait shad in 2.5 inch.
Target walleye in 20 feet of water or less and find some rocky sandy bottoms and you will be on top of your game. You really don't need to cast a whole lot, the best application for this is to cast out in front of you and slowly drag the lure across the bottom as you reel it in. Best bite ratio will come if you cast, let the lure hit the bottom and slowly drag the lure back 3-4 feet at a time reeling in the slack before you drag another 3-4 feet. Be ready for the strike and set the hook firmly without huge swings. People often overlook the hook set seeing monster swings from anglers on t.v. so naturally they imitate. It looks great, however I have found that a firm pull does just as much without loosing the fish due to literally jerking the lure out of the fish's mouth.
I hope this keeps your line tight. Tight lines, anglers!